DIRECTIONS: In the passages that follow, some words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the answer column, you will find alternatives for the words and phrases that are underlined. Choose the alternative that you think is best, and fill in the corresponding bubble on your answer sheet. If you think that the original version is best, choose “NO CHANGE,” which will always be either answer choice A or F. You will also find questions about a particular section of the passage, or about the entire passage. These questions will be identified either by an underlined portion or by a number in a box. Look for the answer that clearly expresses the idea, is consistent with the style and tone of the passage, and makes the correct use of standard written English. Read the passage through once before answering the questions. For some questions, you should read beyond the indicated portion before you answer.
The following paragraphs may or may not be in the most logical order. You may be asked questions about the logical order of the paragraphs, as well as where to place sentences logically within any given paragraph.
Strides Toward Safety
Automotive engineers all over the world are responsible for designing and redesigning, special Q1 features for the newest car models. These engineers also know that it is necessary to consider safety issues in all new designs. Statistics consistently indicate that car accidents occur more often Q2 during the night than during the day. These statistics takes into account Q3 that there are fewer drivers on the road at night.
Q4 One such design employs headlights that swivel back and forth, allowing the driver to see the road ahead more clearly by illumination of Q5 the sides of the road better than traditional headlamps. Automatic high-beam headlights is Q6 another innovative design that could improve the driver’s reaction time. All cars have been equipped with high-beam headlight switches for many years, Q7 most drivers do not use their high-beams even when they Q8 would provide a great deal more light on the road. Switching back and forth from high-beam to low-beam lights proving Q9 to be a nuisance to many drivers, especially when another car is coming straight towards them. Therefore, some car manufacturers now provide a system whereby a device detects when the high-beams should be on and when they should be off, and the change is made automatically.
 Two other systems that are being developed to potentially increase safety on the road at night, Q10 the NIR (or Near-Infrared) system and the FIR (or Far-Infrared) system.  In the NIR system, an infrared light is emitted from the front of the vehicle when nearby objects such as animals or people are detected.  Images will display Q11 on a screen in front of the driver who can then respond appropriately.  The FIR system measures the heat radiation of nearby objects and flashes the images on the driver’s screen. Q12  Even as car makers work diligently to improve safety on the road particularly during Q13 dangerous nighttime driving, no device can replace the vigilance and skill of the driver.  More advanced technologies might improve safety, but the Q14 person in the driver’s seat plays the most critical role in reducing night-driving incidents.