Direction:- Each passage below is accompanied by a number of questions. For some questions, you will consider how the passage might be revised to improve the expression of ideas. For other questions, you will consider how the passage might be edited to correct errors in sentence structure, usage, or punctuation. A passage or a question may be accompanied by one or more graphics (such as a table or graph) that you will consider as you make revising and editing decisions.
Some questions will direct you to an underlined portion of a passage. Other questions will direct you to a location in a passage or ask you to think about the passage as a whole.
After reading each passage, choose the answer to each question that most effectively improves the quality of writing in the passage or that makes the passage conform to the conventions of standard written English. Many questions include a “NO CHANGE” option. Choose that option if you think the best choice is to leave the relevant portion of the passage as it is.
A Lion’s Share of Luck
It’s the beginning of February, and as they do every year, thousands of people line H Street, the heart of Chinatown in Washington, DC. The crowd has gathered to celebrate Lunar New Year. The street is a sea of
Q1 red. Red is the traditional Chinese color of luck and happiness. Buildings are Q2 draped with festive, red, banners, and garlands. Lampposts are strung with crimson paper lanterns, which bob in the crisp winter breeze. The eager spectators await the highlight of the New Year parade: the lion dance.
Experts agree that the lion dance originated in the Han dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE); however, there is little agreement about the dance’s original purpose. Some evidence suggests that the earliest version of the dance was an attempt to ward off an evil spirit; Q3 lions are obviously very fierce. Another theory is that an emperor, upon waking from a dream about a lion, hired an artist to choreograph the dance. Q4 The current function of the dance is celebration.
The lion dance requires the strength, grace, and coordination of two dancers, Q5 both of whom are almost completely hidden by the elaborate bamboo and papier-mâché lion costume that they maneuver. One person operates the lion’s head as the other guides the torso and tail. Many of the moves in the dance, such as jumps, rolls, and kicks, are similar to Q6 martial arts and acrobatics. The dancers must be synchronized with the music accompanying the dance—drums, cymbals, and gongs that supply the lion’s roar—as well as with each other.
 While there are many regional variations of the lion dance costume, all make extensive use of symbols and colors.  The lion’s head is often adorned with a phoenix Q7 (a mythical bird) or a tortoise (for longevity).  Green lions encourage friendliness.  Golden and red lions represent liveliness and bravery, respectively.  Their older counterparts, yellow and white lions, dance more slowly and deliberately.  In some variations, lions of different colors are different ages, and they move accordingly.  Black lions are the youngest; therefore, they dance quickly and playfully.  The appearance of the lions varies, but their message is consistent: Happy New Year. Q7
As the parade winds its way through Chinatown, the music crescendos, and the lion dance reaches Q8 it’s climax with the “plucking of the greens.” Approaching a doorway in which dangles a red envelope filled with green paper money, the Q9 lion’s teeth snare the envelope. It then chews up the bills and spits out the Q10 money-filled envelope instead of chewing it up. The crowd cheers for the lion dancers and for the prosperity and good fortune their dance foretells.