Direction:- Each passage below is accompanied by a number of questions. For some questions, you will consider how the passage might be revised to improve the expression of ideas. For other questions, you will consider how the passage might be edited to correct errors in sentence structure, usage, or punctuation. A passage or a question may be accompanied by one or more graphics (such as a table or graph) that you will consider as you make revising and editing decisions.
Some questions will direct you to an underlined portion of a passage. Other questions will direct you to a location in a passage or ask you to think about the passage as a whole.
After reading each passage, choose the answer to each question that most effectively improves the quality of writing in the passage or that makes the passage conform to the conventions of standard written English. Many questions include a “NO CHANGE” option. Choose that option if you think the best choice is to leave the relevant portion of the passage as it is.
Creating Worlds: A Career in Game Design
If you love video games and have thought about how the games you play might be changed or improved, or if you’ve imagined creating a video game of your own, you might want to consider a career as a video game designer. There Q1 were a number of steps you can take to determine whether game design is the right field for you and, if it is, to prepare yourself for such a career.
Before making the choice, you should have some sense of what a video game designer does. Every video game, whether for a console, computer, or mobile device, starts with a concept that originates in the mind of a designer. The designer envisions the game’s fundamental Q2 elements: the settings, characters, and plots that make each game unique, and is thus a primary creative force behind a video game.
Conceptualizing a game is only the beginning of a video game designer’s Q3 job, however, no matter how good a concept is, it will never be translated into a video game unless it is communicated effectively to all the other members of the video game development team. Q4 A designer must generate extensive documentation and Q5 explain his or her ideas clearly in order to ensure that the programmers, artists, and others on the team all share the same vision. Q6 Likewise, anyone considering a career as a video game designer must be Q7 skilled writers and speakers. In addition, because video game development is a collaborative effort and because the development of any one game may take months or even years, a designer must be an effective team player as well as detail oriented.
 A basic understanding of computer programming is essential.  In fact, many designers Q8 initially begin their pursuits as programmers.  Consider taking some general computer science courses as well as courses in artificial intelligence and graphics in order to increase your understanding of the technical challenges involved in developing a video game.  Courses in psychology and human behavior may help you develop Q9 emphatic collaboration skills, while courses in the humanities, such as in literature and film, should give you the background necessary to develop effective narrative structures.  A designer also needs careful educational preparation.  Finally, because a designer should understand the business aspects of the video game industry, such as budgeting and marketing, you may want to consider taking some business courses.  Although demanding and deadline driven, Q10 video game design can be a lucrative and rewarding field for people who love gaming and have prepared themselves with the necessary skills and knowledge. Q11